The first three elements are those needed for a fire, i.e., the familiar “fire triangle”:
- Combustible dust (fuel);
- Ignition source (heat); and,
- Oxygen in air (oxidizer).An additional two elements must be present for a combustible dust explosion:
- Dispersion of dust particles in sufficient quantity and concentration; and,
- Confinement of the dust cloud.
If one of the above five elements is missing, an explosion cannot occur.